Daily vocabulary-1

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1.  MUZZY (adjective): व्याकुल

Meaning: unable to think clearly; confused.
Synonyms: groggy, faint, dizzy, shaky, muddled, befuddled, addled, befogged, dopey, woozy
Antonyms: clear, definite, obvious, unequivocal, blatant, candid, clear, clearheaded, comprehensible, conscious, defined, definite, distinct, explicit, forthright, foursquare.
Usage: Feeling muzzy from the blow on his head, he got up very slowly.

2. NEBBISH (noun) : मंद बुद्धि
Meaning: a person, especially a man, who is regarded as pitifully ineffectual, timid, or submissive.
Synonyms: banal, jejune, mundane, trite, vapid, prosaic, tame, tenuous, inane.
Antonyms: fancy, precocious, sharp appetizing, exhilarating, hard-working, vigorous, alert vivacious.
Usage: The nebbish refuses to take responsibility for his actions, always too afraid to admit that he made a mistake

3. ADUST (adjective):उदासीन
Meaning: Gloomy; melancholic.
Synonyms: despondent, downcast, dejected, crestfallen, disappointed, disheartened, , desolate, glum, doleful, melancholy, woebegone, mournful, forlorn, subdued, wretched, lugubrious, sepulchral, saturnine.
Usage: The last two, he says, are particularly dangerous because they cause the humors to turn inward and become adust.


4. EXTENUATE (verb) : शांत करना
Meaning: (of a factor or situation) acting in mitigation to lessen the seriousness of guilt or an offence.
Synonyms: mitigating, exonerative, palliating, justifying, vindicating, exculpatory; moderating, softening, tempering, diminishing, lessening.
Antonyms: maximize, burden, discomfort, exacerbate, aggravate, extend, expand.
Usage: The court reduced the criminal’s sentence because of extenuating circumstances.

5. TRAMMEL (noun) : बाधा
Meaning: restrictions or impediments to freedom of action.
Synonyms: restraint, curb, obstacle, barrier, handicap, block, hindrance, encumbrance, snag, stumbling, shackles, fetters.
Antonyms: aid, assist, facilitate, help, liberate, release, untie, encourage, emancipate, rescue, untangle.
Usage: No longer trammeled by his responsibilities as chairman, he could say what he wished.

6. PILLORY (verb) : निंदा करना
Meaning: attack or ridicule publicly.
Synonyms: attack, criticize, censure, condemn, denigrate, lambaste, flay, savage, denounce; bash, crucify, slag off, roast, deride.
Antonyms: accolade, laud, esteem, eulogy, encomium, kudos, commendation, greeting, honor.
Usage: The museum has an actual pillory that was once used to punish criminals in the center of town.

7. HEBETUDE (noun) : बुद्धिहीनता
Meaning: the state of being dull or lethargic.
Synonyms: dullness, languidness, lassitude, torpidity, torpor, drowsiness, stupor.
Antonyms: perspicacity, gusto, verve, vivacity, liveliness, impetus.
Usage: When Jessica stays up all night, her mind goes into hebetude, and she can’t focus in class.

8. LOLLYGAG (verb) : समय बर्बाद करने वाला
Meaning: spend time aimlessly; idle
Synonyms: crawl, creep, dally, dawdle, delay, dillydally, drag, lag, linger, loiter, mope, tarry.
Antonyms: barrel, dash, fly, hasten, hurry, race, run, rush, scurry, speed, whirl, whisk.
Usage: We can’t lollygag around and expect to maintain the sharpness we need.

9. SLIPPAGE (noun) : सफलता में बाधा बनने वाला 
Meaning: failure to meet a standard or deadline.
Synonyms: drop, fall, lag, slump, sliding, decline.
Antonyms: upsurge, escalation, mend, parity, success, accuracy.
Usage: The smallest slippage could delay completion of the project.

10. SEGREGATION (noun) : अलगाव
Meaning: the action or state of setting someone or something apart from others.
Synonyms: separation, setting apart, keeping apart, sorting out, restriction, isolation
Antonyms: gather, combine, associate, connect, unite, link
Usage: In certain countries, religious segregation is the norm.

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