Daily Vocab Capsule 21 May 2017

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The Price of Defiance

The Board of Control for Cricket in India has only itself to blame for its present predicament (कठिन परिस्थिति). Its president and secretary have been removed for defying (अवहेलना करना) the Supreme Court’s order to accept reforms suggested by a court-appointed committee. And its president, Anurag Thakur, now faces legal action for contempt (तिरस्कार या अवज्ञा करना) of court as well as prosecution for perjury (झूठा साक्ष्य). None of this would have happened had the BCCI shown some sense of responsibility and a vision for the future, and recognized the fact that the highest court was only seeking to reform the manner in which cricket is administered in the country. In the court’s view, the appointment of the Justice R.M. Lodha Committee and adoption of its recommendations were part of a project to bring transparency and accountability to the BCCI. While the court expected cooperation and compliance (अनुपालन करना), the BCCI responded with obstructionist tactics(रणनीति) and defiance. It was therefore inevitable that the court would seek to send out a message that it will not brook any willful defiance. Despite the court making the Lodha panel reforms binding on the BCCI through its July 18 verdict(निर्णय/मत), the BCCI appeared to defy it. It cited as one reason difficulties in getting its affiliated State units to accept the reforms, but at the same time made at its Annual General Meeting in September some decisions that were not in tune with the panel’s recommendations. The price of such defiance is clear: the Supreme Court is now going to appoint a committee of administrators to supervise the board’s affairs.

Mr. Thakur’s position is especially unfortunate. As a young sports administrator, he was presented with a great opportunity to lead cricket administration into a new era in which Indian cricket’s on-field achievements would be matched by the Board’s transparent and accountable functioning. If only he and other affiliated units had accepted the reforms, influential individuals who had held sway for decades would have been replaced by fresh talent, and the seemingly unending tenure (कार्यकाल) of some would have been cut short. However, by defying the court in the name of protecting the sport’s autonomy (स्वत्व अधिकार), Mr. Thakur has courted a double blow: the loss of power and authority as well asimminent(आसन्न/निकटस्थ) punishment. His equivocation on whether he invited the International Cricket Council to say there is governmental interference in the BCCI’s affairs has led to the court hardening its stance against him. It is not clear what course of action, if any, would now mollify the Supreme Court and help them escape its wrath (नाराज़गी/गुस्सा ). A bitter lesson has indeed been taught, but it is uncertain if it has been learnt.

Courtesy: The Hindu (sports).

1. Predicament (noun): A difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation. (कठिन परिस्थिति/विकट परिस्थिति)

  • Synonyms: Difficult Situation, Mess, Difficulty, Problematic, Issue, Plight, Quandary, Trouble, Muddle.
  • Antonyms: Blessing, Boon, Solution.

Example: If one get caught in predicament, it is always advised to come out immediately because as soon you come out larger the benefits.

Related Words:

  • Predicable (adjective) – दुर्दशा


2. Defy (verb): Appear to be challenging (someone) to do or prove something. (अवहेलना करना)

  • Synonyms: Challenge, Dare, Confront, Out Dare, Repugn, withstand.
  • Antonyms: Surrender, Give Up, Hide.

Example: Opponents of the prohibition against smoking say they plan to defy the ban in a mass smoking demonstration on Monday.

Verb forms: Defy, Defied, Defied.

Related words:

  • Defiance (noun) – अवहेलना


3. Contempt (verb): Willful disobedience to or open disrespect of a court, judge, or legislative body./ the state of being despised.  (तिरस्कार याअवज्ञा करना)  

  • Synonyms: Disrespect, Scorn, Despite, Disdain, Neglect, Contumacy, Disregard.
  • Antonyms: Praise, Esteem, Compliment, Admiration, Respect.

Example: He was expelled out from the company due to contempt of company policies.

Related words:

  • Contemptible (adjective) – तिरस्करणीय
  • Contemptuous (adjective) – तिरस्कारपूर्ण
  • Contemptuously (adverb) – तिरस्कारपूर्वक


4. Perjury (noun): Giving false testimony after swearing to state the truth.  (झूठा साक्ष्य)  

  • Synonyms: Deception, Dishonesty, Falsehood, Falsification, Deceitfulness, Untruth, Untruthfulness.
  • Antonyms: Truthfulness, Honesty.

Example: During his testimony, Jim committed perjury when he misled the court about his wife’s whereabouts.

5. Compliance (noun): The act of obeying rules. (अनुपालन करना)  

  • Synonyms: Adherence, Conformity, Obedience, Submission, Abidance, Conformation, Complaisance, Obligingness.
  • Antonyms: Difference, Disagreement, Refusal, Disobedience Resistance, Defiance Denial, Dissension, Dissent.

Example: Because the prisoner had a long history of compliance, the warden gave him extra outside privileges.

Verb Forms: Comply, Complied, Complied.

Related Words:

  • Comply (verb) – अनुपालना करना


6. Tactic (noun): Showing adroit planning; aiming at an end beyond the immediate action. (रणनीति)  

  • Synonyms: Strategy, Plan, Skill, Adroitness.
  • Antonyms: Straightness, Ignorance.

Example: In order to achieve the win, the coach showed his team the best tactic to perform.

Related Words:

  • Tactful (adjective) – चातुर्यपूर्ण
  • Tactically (adverb) – युक्तिसंगत ढंग से
  • Tactical (adjective)- (रणनीतिक /कार्यनीतिक)


7. Verdict (noun): An opinion or judgment. (निर्णय/मत)

  • Synonyms: Decision, Judgment, Ruling, Order, Decree.
  • Antonyms: Accusation, Allegations.

Example: In accordance with the verdict of all five panelists, Sally was crowned the spelling bee champion.


8. Tenure (noun): The holding of an office./ occupying a position or office. (कार्यकाल)  

  • Synonyms: Incumbency, Term Of Office, Term, Period Of/In Office, Time, Time In Office.

Example: With a tenure exceeding forty years, Judge Marshall has held his office longer than any other judge in our county.

Verb forms: Tenure, Tenured, Tenured.

Related words:

  • Tenure (verb) – give life-time employment to


9. Autonomy (noun): The right or condition of self-government./ freedom from external control or influence; independence. (स्वायत्तता/स्वत्वअधिकार)

  • Synonyms: Sovereignty, Self-Direction, Self-Reliance, Self-Sufficiency
  • Antonyms: Dependence.

Example: Because James does not have the autonomy to reduce car prices, he must first consult with his manager before agreeing to your terms.

Related Words:

  • Autonomous (adjective) – स्वायत्त
  • Autonomously (adverb) – स्वायत्तता से
  • Autonomic (adjective) – स्वायत्त


10. Imminent (adjective): About to happen; in proximity.   (आसन्न/निकटस्थ

  • Synonyms: Adjacent, Impending, Proximate, Forthcoming, Likely.
  • Antonyms: Distant, , Later, Escapable.

Example: Despite what the scientist said, the volcano eruption is not imminent so do not be concerned!

Related words:

  • Imminence (noun) – सन्निकटता
  • Imminently (adverb) – सन्निकटता से


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